Science Summary

Individuals differ in the way they use emotion cues to adapt to their environment. These differences contribute to variation in ‘emotional intelligence’ which is part of self regulation (1). Effective self regulation is important to keeping a positive outlook and sense of wellbeing (2). It is supported by the interaction of feedback from both brain and body activity (1,2).

Emotional intelligence involves the integration of emotion and feeling over time - the capacity to instantly discriminate between different emotion and feeling cues, to then label them, and to then integrate them with memories about previous experiences to form a meaningful whole (3). This kind of integration allows you to regulate emotion and feeling processes by reflecting on them and monitoring them over time. A key aspect is the discrimination of ambiguous emotion cues and the capacity to bring them together into a meaningful picture (4).

1. Williams LM et al.. (2008). Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 7, 367 - 404.

2. Gordon E et al. (2008). Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 7, 345 - 366.

3. Mayer JD & Salovey P (1991). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 100-111.

4. Mayer JD et al (1990). Journal of Personality Assessment, 50, 772-781.

Self Regulation Skills
Positivity-Negativity Bias


Social Capacity

Feeling Skills
Stress Level

Anxiety Level

Depressed Mood Level

Emotion Skills
Identifying Emotions

Emotion Bias