Science Summary

There is increasing evidence that focusing on positive information boosts positive feelings and wellbeing, while attending to negative information makes you feel more stressed and vulnerable (1,2). Optimists will tend to avoid focusing directly on negative images, and show reduced stress and arousal (3,4). Both images and words provide powerful input about positive feelings in the world around us. Training to tune into positve image-word associations will help build a cycle of positivity, and flow on effects to reducing stress and boosting wellbeing and resilience (1-4)

1. MacLeod C, Rutherford E, Campbell L, Ebsworthy G, Holker L. Selective attention and emotional vulnerability: Assessing the causal basis of their association through the experimental manipulation of attention bias. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 2002;111:107–123

2. .Fredrickson BL (2000). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment, 31, 1-25.

3. Isaacowitz DM. The gaze of the optimist. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2005;3:407–415

4. Tugade MM, Fredrickson BL, Barrett BL. Psychological resilience and positive emotional granularity: Examining the benefits of positive emotions on coping and health. Journal of Personality. 2004;72:1161–1190

Self Regulation Skills
Positivity-Negativity Bias


Social Capacity

Feeling Skills
Stress Level

Anxiety Level

Depressed Mood Level

Thinking Skills
Sustained Attention


Controlled Attention


Executive Function

Processing Speed

Recall Memory

Working Memory

Motor Coordination

Emotion Skills
Identifying Emotions

Emotion Bias